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Information Centre


The legal system in Hong Kong

Do you know how the legal system in Hong Kong works? Let’s introduce you to the essentials, including the independent Judiciary, the jury system, the role of the Secretary for Justice and the Department of Justice, legal aid and the legal profession.

Hong Kong's legal services are well established. And the mature legal system is renowned for being transparent, trustworthy, and fair, ranking well internationally and underpinning Hong Kong’s reputation as one of the safest cities in the world.

Laws of Hong Kong

Then, if you wish to know more about the Laws of Hong Kong, check out the searchable electronic database.

The Basic Law

In the Joint Declaration signed between the Chinese and British Governments on 19 December 1984, the Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) declared that it had decided to resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect from 1 July 1997. The Joint Declaration also set out the basic policies of the PRC regarding Hong Kong. The Basic Law is the constitutional document for Hong Kong. It enshrines within a legal document the important concepts of "One Country, Two Systems", "a high degree of autonomy" and "Hong Kong People ruling Hong Kong". It also prescribes the various systems to be practised in Hong Kong.

The Basic Law Library

If you want to know more about the Basic Law, visit the Basic Law Library at the City Hall Public Library. Here, you will find relevant publications, CD-ROMs, multimedia information system and more.

Viewing Basic Law roving shows online

If you want to learn at home, take a look at videos of previous Basic Law roving shows, which features many artists