Savoring Nature Up-close in Hong Kong
Everything about nature is grand and wondrous. The ecology of the city is vibrant and inspiring.
Embark on a journey of ecological exploration and experience for yourself the many different aspects of nature and its irresistible pulse of life.
Hong Kong Biodiversity Festival 2019
The major vegetation of Hong Kong belongs to the evergreen broad-leaved forest of the subtropics. Many species typical of the Southeast Asian tropical flora are also seen here at the limit of their northern distribution range. About 3,300 species and varieties of vascular plants have been recorded in Hong Kong, around 2,100 of which are native.
Among the 57 existing terrestrial mammalian species in Hong Kong, 27 species are bats and 30 species are non-flying mammals, such as Barking Deer, East-Asian Porcupine and Eurasian Otter. There are also two species of marine mammalian species, including Chinese white dolphin and finless porpoise.
Hong Kong has over 108 species of amphibians and reptiles, including snakes, frogs, chelonians, lizards and etc. Among all herptiles, there are endemic species "Bogadek's Burrowing Lizard" and species first recorded from Hong Kong, such as "Romer's Tree Frog".
Hong Kong has over 200 species of freshwater fish that inhabit most Hong Kong watercourses, from swift flowing hill streams to trickling lowland rivers and estuaries. There are almost 1,000 of marine fish species recorded.
Around 550 species of birds have been recorded in Hong Kong. Most of them are passage migrants in Spring and Autumn, and wintering visitors. Hong Kong has a variety of habitats which provide a rich supply of food and shelter for these birds.
Hong Kong is rich in insect fauna. There are about 200 species of butterflies and over 100 species of dragonflies being recorded in the territory. Most of them are brilliantly coloured and they are the most attractive flying creatures other than birds.
(Information provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)