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Tung Chung River Orienteering Competition

Further to the orienteering activities in Shing Mun River and Lam Tsuen River, JC-WISE will organise an orienteering competition along Tung Chung River on October 31, 2021. Join our events with families and friends to learn more about the multiple values of river and receive amazing gifts!

Dog Obedience Training Course (Theoretical Session & Practical Session)

Theoretical SessionClass A : 14 Nov 2021 (Sun)Class B : 5 Dec 2021 (Sun)2 p.m. to 5 p.m. (3 hours)Practical SessionClass A : 20 Nov 2021 (Sat) or 21 Nov 2021 (Sun)Class B : 11 Dec 2021 (Sat) or 12 Dec 2021 (Sun)2 p.m. to 5 p.m. (3 hours) The application starts at 11am, 18 Oct.Please enrol immediately as the enrolment will end once the quota is full.

Ten spectacular scenic spots on the Wilson Trail

The Wilson Trail is built for experienced hikers. The trail, which is about 78 km long, crosses the territory from Stanley in the south to Nam Chung in the north.  It is divided into 10 sections, each has its unique natural beauty awaiting to be discovered. How many of the 10 scenic spots below could you recognise?   [ Scenic Spot 1: Ma Kong Shan View Compass ]Photo Spot: 376 metres in elevation on Ma Kong Shan (The Twins)Section passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 1) Stanley Gap Road to Wong Nai Chung Reservoir (Length: 4.8km | Duration: 3 hrs | Region: HK Island | Difficulty: ★★★ | Shading Level: Low) [ Scenic Spot 2: Overlooking Kowloon East ]Photo Spot: 354 metres in elevation on Siu Ma ShanSection passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 2)Wong Nai Chung Reservoir to Lam Tin (Length: 6.6km | Duration: 2.5 hrs | Region: HK Island | Difficulty: ★★★ | Shading Level: Medium) [ Scenic Spot 3: Overlooking Tung Lung Chau ] Photo Spot: 180 metres in elevation on Devil's PeakSection passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 3) Lam Tin to Tseng Lan Shue (Length: 9.3km | Duration: 4hrs | Region: Sai Kung | Difficulty: ★★★ | Shading Level: Low) [ Scenic Spot 4: Overlooking Kowloon Peninsula ]Photo Spot: Jat's Incline Parking ViewpointSection passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 4) Tseng Lan Shue to Sha Tin Pass (Length: 8km | Duration: 3hrs | Region: Central New Territories | Difficulty: ★★★ | Shading Level: Low) [ Scenic Spot 5: Entrance of Catchwater ]Photo Spot: Tai Po Road near the Kowloon ReservoirSection passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 5) Sha Tin Pass to Tai Po Road (Length: 7.4km | Duration: 2.5hrs | Region: Central New Territories | Difficulty: ★★ | Shading Level: Medium) [ Scenic Spot 6: Artificial Waterfall under Shing Mun Reservoir Main Dam ]Photo Spot: Near the Shing Mun Reservoir Main Dam (*The waterfall as shown in the photo could only be seen after heavy rainfall in summer)Section passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 6) Tai Po Road to Shing Mun Reservoir (Length: 5.3km | Duration: 2hrs | Region: Central New Territories | Difficulty: ★★ | Shading Level: High) [ Scenic Spot 7: Paper-bark Trees Woodland ]Photo Spot: Near the Shing Mun ReservoirSection passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 7) Shing Mun Reservoir to Yuen Tun Ha (Length: 10.2km | Duration: 4hrs | Region: Central New Territories | Difficulty: ★★★ | Shading Level: Medium) [ Scenic Spot 8: Lam Tsuen River ]Photo Spot: Lam Tsuen River, near Parc VersaillesSection passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 8) Yuen Tun Ha to Cloudy Hill (Length: 9km | Duration: 4hrs | Region: North New Territories | Difficulty: ★★★★ | Shading Level: Low) [ Scenic Spot 9: Overlooking Plover Cove ]Photo Spot: 511 metres in elevation on Hsien Ku FungSection passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 9) Cloudy Hill to Pat Sin Leng (Length: 10.6km | Duration: 4.5hrs | Region: North New Territories | Difficulty: ★★★★ | Shading Level: Low) [ Scenic Spot 10: Deserted Village ]Photo Spot: Near Upper Wang Shan Keuk VillageThe section passed by: Wilson Trail (Section 10) Pat Sin Leng to Nam Chung (Length: 6.8km | Duration: 2.5hrs | Region: North New Territories | Difficulty: ★★★★ | Shading Level: High) *For more about the Wilson Trail, please visit the "Enjoy Hiking" website. (The images and the information are provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)

FIVE must-go spots on Hong Kong Trail

The Hong Kong Trail (50 km) traverses all the five country parks on Hong Kong Island. It is divided into 8 sections, each with plenty of stunning views. Below are five scenic spots you should not miss!    Scenic Spot 1: Pinewood Battery Section passed by: Hong Kong Trail (Section 1)The Peak to Pok Fu Lam Reservoir RoadTransportation: Take public transport to Kotewall Road bus terminus. Then walk uphill along Hatton Road to Picnic Area Site No.1 in Lung Fu Shan Country Park. The Pinewood Battery is next to the picnic area. Pinewood Battery - Historical RelicsLocated in Lung Fu Shan Country Park, Pinewood Battery was an important point of coastal defence because it is situated at an area of elevated terrain looking out on the western mouth of Victoria Harbour.  Construction of the battery started in the late 19th century and was completed in 1905 as part of the British colonial government’s plan to strengthen the defence of the western part of Hong Kong Island. With the rise of airpower on the verge of the Second World War, Pinewood Battery became an anti-aircraft battery with facilities like barracks to defend against the Japanese Army, instead of the French or Russian forces.  It was later abandoned in 1941 when it was heavily shelled by Japanese artillery fire. Surprisingly, its command post, lookouts, magazines, and even the lavatory remain in good conditions, allowing visitors to learn about the wartime history along the 400-metre Pinewood Battery Heritage Trail...Read more    Scenic Spot 2: Lugard RoadSection passed by: Hong Kong Trail (Section 1)The Peak to Pok Fu Lam Reservoir RoadTransportation: Walk along Peak Road towards Peak Tower after arriving at the Peak. The start point is the entrance of Lugard Road. Lugard Road - Hong Kong’s most iconic view of Victoria HarbourThe bird’s eye view of Victoria Harbour from Victoria Peak is unquestionably Hong Kong’s most iconic view.  Apart from the pavilion scene often featured on postcards, an even more sweeping vista is offered at the start point of the Hong Kong Trail, Lugard Road.  Built between 1913 and 1914 with some narrow, cliff-side paths called plank roads, the hundred-year-old trail is named after the 14th Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Frederick Lugard. Not only is it a great spot to admire sunset and night views, but it is also where you can witness the extraordinary scene of our city enveloped in mist in spring. The Peak Trail is surrounded by lush forestry and moss-covered rocks, dotted with a variety of flora species throughout the year – between April and May pink flowers of the Lance-leaved Sterculia, come into bloom; from July to October white flowers of the Turn-in-the-wind, embellish the trail.  Together with antique stone benches and streetlights, it exudes an air of ancient elegance. Continue on to Harlech Road, which is to the southwest of Victoria Peak, and then stroll along the shaded tree-lined trail at Pok Fu Lam Reservoir.  It will instantly connect you from the bustling financial centre to a rural idyll on the western part of Hong Kong Island, which is yet another way to tell the stories of Hong Kong.Read more    Scenic Spot 3: Sunset View from High West Section passed by: Hong Kong Trail (Section 1)The Peak to Pok Fu Lam Reservoir RoadTransportation: Take public transport to the Peak and alight at the Peak terminus. Walk along Harlech Road for 30 minutes to reach High West picnic area. Then take the path next to the picnic site and walk uphill to High West. High West Viewing Point - Sunrise and SunsetTowering at an elevation of 494 metres as the fourth tallest mountain on Hong Kong Island, High West divides the prosperous Central and Western District from the tranquil Southern District.  Its summit, which can be reached by climbing a long flight of 600 steps, offers unobstructed views of the West Lamma Channel stretching to the horizon.  It also looks out on Lamma Island in the south and as far as the Lema Islands outside the territory.  As dusk approaches, the sun dips gently among the hills of Lantau Island, giving off a beautiful red sunset over the sky and the sea.  As you are busy taking photos of the scene in front of you, Victoria Harbour is also bathed in the glow of the setting sun, with skyscrapers on the waterfront sparkling before being lit at night...Read more    Scenic Spot 4: Stunning ReservoirSection passed by: Hong Kong Trail (Section 6) Mount Parker Road to Tai Tam RoadTransportation: Take public transport and alight at "Tai Tam Country Park" bus stop. Go to the opposite side where the entrance of Tai Tam Country Park is located. Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Masonry Bridge - Hipster HitsThe architectural artistry during Hong Kong’s colonial era is best manifested in the Tai Tam Group of Reservoirs, which is one of the six prewar reservoirs in Hong Kong. Completed between 1888 and 1917, it consists of Tai Tam Upper Reservoir, Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir, Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir, and Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir, featuring 22 century-old declared monuments.  In particular, the four masonry arch bridges that appear in the woods of Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir, alongside their reflections in the lake, are the most breathtaking.  These four bridges were built in the Victorian style and have been classified as Grade I historic buildings.  In fact, if you want to visit all the masonry bridges, Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail is the place.  Located to the west of Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir, the trail lets you admire its own unique beauty.  Other highlights include the masonry aqueduct, the valve house and the dam, which are all worth a visit...Read more    Scenic Spot 5: Viewing the sea on Dragon's BackSection pass 5ed by: Hong Kong Trail (Section 8)To Tei Wan to Tai Long WanTransportation: Take public transport to "To Tei Wan" bus stop on Shek O Road to the entrance of Hong Kong Trail Section 8. Walk uphill along Hong Kong Trail Section 8. Shek O Peak - Viewing PointsAlthough Shek O Peak sits at Shek O Country Park at an altitude of only 284 metres, its footpath leads to D’Aguilar Peninsula, where turquoise waters in the surroundings that stretch to the horizon come into full view.  It belongs to Section 8 of the Hong Kong Trail, connecting with Wan Cham Shan along the ridgeline of the world-renowned Dragon’s Back . It got this name because of the resemblance of its meandering and undulating hills to the shape of the back ridge of a dragon.  The footpath also overlooks Big Wave Bay and Shek O, commands views of Tung Lung Island and Hong Kong’s southernmost island Po Toi Island in the distance, and offers vistas of the boundless South China Sea.  To enhance the public’s understanding of the nearby mountains and islands, there are information boards at the Dragon’s Back Viewing Point...Read more *Click for more information about the Hong Kong Trail, or visit the "Enjoy Hiking" website. (The images and the information are provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)

Long Valley Nature Park

When taking forward projects in new development areas, the Government will attach importance to environmental and nature conservation to provide a green and quality living space to people in these areas. The Kwu Tung North (KTN) and Fanling North (FLN) New Development Area (NDA) forms a core part of the multi-pronged land supply strategy in the medium and long term, and the construction of the Long Valley Nature Park is part and parcel of the KTN/FLN NDA project. Staff members from the Civil Engineering and Development Department (CEDD) and the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) will tell us about the project details regarding conserving and enhancing the ecological environment of Long Valley. A representative of the Conservancy Association, the advisor of the project, will also share her suggestions on conservation in Long Valley.Project expected to be completed in 2023Located between the Sheung Yue River and Shek Sheung River in Sheung Shui, Long Valley is currently the largest contiguous freshwater wetland of high ecological value in Hong Kong. The CEDD commenced the construction works in late 2019 with a view to developing some 37 hectares of land at the core area of Long Valley into a nature park for conserving and enhancing the ecologically important environment as well as for compensating the loss of wetland due to the NDA development. Meanwhile, the department is going to enhance the environment there through the works to make the park a major green space for the NDA. The project is making good progress and is expected to be completed in 2023. Preservation and enhancement of the ecological value of Long ValleyWhile the construction of the Long Valley Nature Park is undertaken by the CEDD, its future management rests with the AFCD. Nature Park Officer of the AFCD, Dr Ho King-yan, Kevin, says Long Valley has various habitats including wet and dry agricultural land, pools, paddy fields, fishponds, swamps, etc. with rich biodiversity. The Government hopes to, through the construction of the Long Valley Nature Park, further conserve and enhance the ecological value of the Long Valley wetland to provide more areas for different species to forage, inhabit and reproduce. It also hopes to preserve traditional farming methods, thereby achieving agro-ecological symbiosis. During the construction period, the AFCD and the CEDD work closely to exchange views on conservation, restoration and management of habitats as well as on the planning and design of the park. A park with three zonesEngineer of the CEDD, Mr Chau Ha-lo, Ryan, says the park will be divided into three zones, including the Biodiversity Zone of about 21 hectares, the Agriculture Zone of about 11 hectares and the Visitor Zone of about five hectares. The Biodiversity Zone is designated for maintaining the biodiversity of Long Valley through the cultivation of specified crops and habitat management. The Agriculture Zone will enable farmers to adopt eco-friendly farming practices while the Visitor Zone will provide visitors’ facilities to facilitate public understanding and appreciation of the wetland ecology of Long Valley and promote public awareness of nature conservation.Restoration of dry and abandoned agricultural landFurthermore, the wetland area of the whole Long Valley will increase by about eight hectares as the CEDD will convert some dry and abandoned agricultural land into wetland habitats. Paddy fields are an important stop-over site for yellow-breasted buntings during their migration. In the middle of last year, collaborating with the Conservancy Association, the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society and farmers in Long Valley, the CEDD successfully established about 10 patches of paddy fields before the bird migration season in October for serving as a rest stop for birds in Long Valley during their migration journey. Under the guidance of farmers in Long Valley, five water flea ponds were restored to breed water fleas and red worms for the birds to feed on; as a result, many birds particularly water birds were attracted to forage in the ponds. Enhancing the agricultural environment of Long ValleyTo meet the irrigation demand of the farmland in Long Valley in future, the CEDD will also enhance the irrigation channels in Long Valley and construct a water treatment wetland to improve the irrigation water quality at the park through sedimentation, plant filtration, and sterilisation by sunlight. Storage sheds will also be provided at various locations across the park for farmers to store basic farming tools and equipment.Exploring the natural environmentBesides, to allow the public to explore the freshwater wetlands in a natural environment and have a better understanding of the close relationship between crops and living creatures, timber boardwalks, bird hide and outdoor classrooms will be built in the Visitor Zone of the park. The CEDD will also construct a visitor centre near the park to provide a comfortable space for the public to understand the importance of Long Valley in terms of ecology and agriculture. Striving to protect the natural environmentMr Ryan Chau points out that the CEDD needs to handle each process with special care and avoid using heavy machinery throughout the construction of the Long Valley Nature Park in order to protect the natural environment of Long Valley and reduce the impact on its ecology. Although these challenges pose difficulties to the project, the project team feels that it is well worth their effort when seeing the birds roost and feed in the restored wetlands. Mr Chau gives his special thanks to the Conservancy Association for acting as the advisor and giving a lot of valuable advice on the project. Gratitude for the advice of Conservancy AssociationConservation Manager of the Conservancy Association, Ms Kami Hui, shares with us that a large piece of contiguous agricultural freshwater wetland in Long Valley is precious for farmers to continue farming. Therefore, it is hoped that the principle of conserving Long Valley will be adhered to when carrying out the project details so as to minimise the impact on ecology. During construction, they will remind the project team to pay particular attention to sites with a higher ecological value and avoid having works vehicles pass through the related road sections. Citing another example, when yellow-breasted buntings flew to Hong Kong between October and December last year, the Conservancy Association particularly reminded the project team to exclude the rice paddies from their scope of works so that the birds could forage in the rice paddies. The Government has been committed to striking the right balance between development and conservation with a view to providing a large green space in a new town to create a quality living environment. There is no doubt that the works for Long Valley Nature Park need to be conducted in line with the conservation principle in order to minimise the impact on the wetlands. (The video is in Cantonese) (The video is provided by Development Bureau)

[Genie Room] Proper Care of Pets - Lizards (Bearded Dragons)

(The images used in this story are provided by: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department's Facebook page) Many people adopt reptiles as pets in recent years. The Bearded Dragon is among the most popular species. Although they look stony-faced and a bit frightening, they are actually a kind of gentle animal. The way of taking care of a bearded dragon is slightly different from that of a furry pet. Genie will share with you the tips on keeping your bearded dragon! Feeding1) They eat both insects and plant materials.2) Make sure the feed is small in size and pay attention to the quantity fed.3) Foods that are not eaten must be removed daily. Accommodation1) Provide your bearded dragon with a large vivarium.2) There should be a basking area with full spectrum lights with UVB and a cool area that provides hides for the bearded dragon in the vivarium3) Install hygrometers and thermometers in the vivarium to monitor the humidity and temperature and keep them within the required range.4) Line the bottom of the vivarium with newspaper, paper towels or coral sand. Cleaning1) Wash the food and water dishes daily.2) Bearded dragons excrete a lot. Spot clean their home regularly.3) Clean and disinfect the vivarium thoroughly once a month using reptile-safe disinfectant.Interaction1) Bearded dragons can live alone and are best by themselves.2) Once your bearded dragon gets accustomed to you, it actually enjoys sitting on your knee or shoulder.3) Remember to wash your hands immediately and thoroughly with soap and water after contact with reptiles to avoid being infected with Salmonella. For details, please visit the website or Facebook post of the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department.

[Distinguished Public Officers] Philip, Wetland and Fauna Conservation Officer of AFCD

Winner of The Ombudsman’s Awards 2020 for Officers of Public OrganisationsYip Sin Hang, Philip, Wetland and Fauna Conservation Officer (Enforcement) of Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department“Communication is absolutely essential to complaint handling.” (The video is broadcasted in Cantonese) "In 2018, our monkey trapping programme was extended to the peripheries of countryside, under which we proposed to place large cages in urban areas to capture the monkeys causing a nuisance. Nevertheless, our proposal was met with considerable resistance, so I led my team of colleagues to assiduously engage the stakeholders. A case in point is an operation carried out in the Wong Tai Sin District in 2019. With more than 30 monkeys trapped on that occasion, the district stakeholders were able to personally observe that our operation was carefully organised, safe and effective.We managed to convince the sceptical parties to lend their venues for us to place the cages, thereby cilitating the mitigation of monkey nuisance under the programme." For more details of The Ombudsman’s Awards 2020, please visit the Office of The Ombudsman website.

Senior Field Assistant

Senior Field Assistant Mr Shek Shui-wa, with over 34 years of service with the Government, has been tasked with duties related to the conservation of native plants since joining the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Mr Shek has earlier collected from the field a seedling of the rare and precious Westland's birthwort for conservation outside its habitat. With his efforts and persistence, seeds eventually germinated and propagated successfully. He will return the grown plants to nature to assist in the propagation of this rare plant in Hong Kong. Organisation chartOfficial recruitment page

Beaware of Land Snakes!

It is not uncommon to see a “fat snake” during an autumn hike since snakes often consume a lot of food in this season to accumulate fat for winter. Yet, remember to keep calm when you encounter a snake in the wild. Unless they are disturbed or defending their territories, under normal circumstances snakes do not actively attack or remain close to people. And NEVER attempt to catch a snake to avoid being bitten. Any case of snakebite should be sent to hospital as soon as possible for professional medical treatment. If a snake enters your house, you should call the Police’s hotline 999 immediately.Among the 14 venomous native land snake species in Hong Kong, only eight can inflict fatal bites (if not treated in time). There is no simple rule to determine whether a snake is venomous. The common view that all venomous snakes have triangular shaped heads is unreliable. The only reliable foolproof way to distinguish the two is to know all snake species well.Facebook Page “Mr. B Nature Classroom” has prepared some illustrations of venomous snakes in Hong Kong. Please check out the Facebook Page for more information about snakes. (The following illustrations provide Chinese descriptions only)  For more details, please refer to the AFCD website

Equipment list before planning a hike

If you are planning a hike, it is important to have the proper hiking gear. Take equipment according to your personal need and the nature of the activity. The checklist below is provided for reference. 1. Backpack - Place light items at the bottom, heavier items in the middle, and the heaviest ones on the top. Put less frequently used items first and frequently used ones on the sides. Be sure weight is equally balanced on each side.- It should not exceed one third of your body weight. The maximum weight is 40lb.   2. Hiking shoes - ide toe box hiking shoes with deep and thick lugs on outsole are preferable. 3. Socks 4. Shirt - Wear sun protective/moisture-wicking/breathable long-sleeved shirt with collar to avoid sunburn on your arms and the back of your neck. 5. Trousers - Sun protective/moisture-wicking/breathable loose-fitting trousers are preferable. 6. Towel/cooling towel/arm sleeves 7. Outer garments & windproof jacket/rain jacket 8. Hat, sunglasses, umbrella, gloves 9. Spare clothing 10. Hiking stick 11. Compass & map (countryside series published by the Lands Department)  12. Illumination device 13. Whistle 14. Food & emergency food: Bring portable and conveniently packaged food with high calories, e.g. glucose, raisins, and other high energy food. 15. Water bottle & water (drinking water refilling stations in Country Parks) 16. Personal drugs & first aid supplies 17. Sunscreen and mosquito repellent  18. Mobile phone & battery/charger & charging cable (Mobile Network Services in Country Parks) 18. Watch 20. Hong Kong Hiking Trail Weather Service For more details, please refer to the AFCD Enjoy Hiking website

【AFCD Presents: Into The Blue】Trailer

Do you know how rich Hong Kong marine biodiversity is?  Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department has produced a new Hong Kong Marine Biodiversity video – 【Into the blue】. This video introduces the vast diversity of coastal habitats and marine life in Hong Kong. Enjoy the video and let's conserve our marine biodiversity altogether! (Information provided by provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)

“Repair Our Own Trails” (Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)

"It is hoped that through the Trail Maintenance Workshops, the public would have a better understanding about our trail maintenance and management work." Country Parks Officer, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Yeung Fai-fai, Felix said.He added, "Have you ever imagined after the workshop, the attendees were all sweated, then they began to cherish our nature and would help to promote positive messages? This brought an explosive effect. The greatest satisfaction was being able to connect a group of people. We interacted with each other through the activity and trust was built up. This was very motivating indeed." Hong Kong abounds with beautiful country parks. The full array of hiking trails of about 500 km in total provides public trail users with convenient access to the countryside to enjoy the pleasure of outing.As the hiking trails are exposed to rainfall erosion over the years, coupled with the growing popularity of hiking and trail running activities in recent years, there is a rising need for trail repair and maintenance work. The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD), which is responsible for the construction, management and maintenance of the hiking trails, has been facing a big challenge.The Department has come up with a win-win solution which allows colleagues to pass down their skills and knowledge, and at the same time promotes public education in protecting and maintaining the hiking trails for their own use.AFCD generally adopts a “Leave No Trace” principle in the construction and maintenance works of hiking trails. Frontline staff use simple methods to construct the hiking trails according to the terrain, and make use of the on-site natural materials for maintenance works as far as possible.Yeung Fai-fai, Felix said, "In 2016, a local community group, the “Concern Group on Concretisation of Hong Kong Natural Trails”, raised concerns and debate over the Government’s use of concrete in building walkways in the countryside."He continued, "In the light of the public concern, AFCD organised activities to communicate with the relevant organisations. We also organised some trail maintenance workshops, hoping that the public and volunteers, through participating in the workshops, would better understand our work in hiking trails management and maintenance." The scheme has evolved from knowledge sharing communication, and public forums, to educating the public on the concepts of trail maintenance. Volunteers are also invitedto participate in the on-site construction and repair works. These activities enabled the public to understand the cause of soil erosion on the hiking trails, and to learn the maintenance method.The Country Parks Trail Maintenance Team of AFCD mobilised around 500 volunteers to participate in the trail maintenance workshops. Under the supervision of AFCD’s technicians, the volunteers rolled up their sleeves to repair the hiking trails. They assisted AFCD to continuously improve the trail facilities and to promote the spirit of “Repair Our Own Trails”.Volunteer Ngan Chung-man said, "I joined the Trailwalker previously, and when I was walking on the trails, I was not aware that they needed to be maintained. Like many Hong Kong people, I used to take things for granted. I realised afterwards that it was the effort of a team of people working on trail maintenance, which allowed us to enjoy the beautiful hiking trails."Senior Field Officer, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Chan Ka-lai, Carrie said, "The volunteers showed much appreciation for our effort after seeing the hard work we put in. Some of them told us, after helping in the maintenance work, that they are willing to jointly protect and conserve the hiking trails and will use them with care. I also note that there are lots of passionate trail users in Hong Kong. No matter how tired they are, they are willing to help repair the hiking trails on weekend holidays. We are truly touched by them."Through public engagement, the scheme enabled the trail users to experience trail maintenance work, and made them understand the importance of trail conservation. In the long run, the scheme aims at nurturing more volunteers to take part in the sustainable conservation work of hiking trails.Senior Field Assistant, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Lee Ma-fat said, "The volunteers treasure the hiking trails very much, so they instantly grasped what we taught them. There is a very large group of volunteers and they are highly motivated. We have the skills to carry out the construction and maintenance work, yet the biggest challenge lies in the transportation of materials, because that requires a lot of physical energy and manpower. At the moment, we have sufficient manpower drawn from a large pool of volunteers, and they are doing areally great job."Volunteer Siu Hing wo said, "Everytime I work as a volunteer, I have some reflections on nature. What is the relationship between human beings and nature? Are we the destroyer, the manager, or the protector of nature?"Yeung Fai-fai, Felix said, "When we communicate with the volunteers, we find that they are getting to understand our work better and recognise the value of our work. This has established a foundation of the trust between us and the volunteers. We anticipate to train more volunteers, and to build up a workforce in the long run, so as to work together to manage the hiking trails and conserve our natural resources."The scheme has been running for three years, and maintenance work involving 550m of trails was completed. The Green Earth, a local environmental organisation, hasapplied for funding from the Environment and Conservation Fund. Besides, some environmental organisations and uniformed groups, which also agree with the purpose of the scheme, are exploring ways for long term collaboration with AFCD. (For more details, please visit Sevice Excellence Website)

Be aware of Poisonous Mushrooms!

People in Hong Kong have recently showed increasing interest in searching for mushrooms in the wild or by the roadside. Most nature lovers are curious about the myriad shapes, sizes, colors and forms of mushrooms, while others are interested in edibility of mushrooms. Because mushrooms are pretty difficult to tell apart and the edibility of many mushrooms is still unknown, people should never try tasting any wild mushrooms collected themselves. Things to remember for appreciating mushrooms: 1. Do not eat mushrooms picked from country parks or natural environments. Mushroom species are extremely diverse, and their morphology is always ambiguous and the edibility is largely unknown. 2. Do not eat mushrooms from roadside planting areas or urban parks since planting soil may be contaminated with heavy metals, poisonous pollutants or pesticides. 3. Do not trust any folklore, such as simple tests or colors, for edibility. The deadly poisonous mushrooms are unremarkably white, yellow-brown or brown. 4. Do not eat raw mushrooms picked from the wild and in supermarket. Some chemical compounds in raw mushrooms, such as hydrazines, may make you sick. 5. Many mushrooms that have combined features of a membranous ring or large volva on the stalk, scales or warts on the surface of the cap are poisonous. 6. Wash your hands thoroughly after touching any mushrooms in the wild. 7. If you experience symptoms of poisoning, consult a doctor or go to a hospital immediately. Take the uncooked mushrooms with you and give them to your doctor.   Click here to know more about the nine most common poisonous mushrooms and identify those morphological features, associated toxins and onset of mushroom poisoning symptoms.

Mountain bike trails in South Lantau

During weekends, many people like to go cycling with their friends. But are you cyclists interested in cycling on rugged hilly terrains, dirt roads or even gravel paths? Currently, the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department has set up 15 designated mountain bike trails in country parks for mountain biking activities, three of which are located in south Lantau. One of the largest training grounds in Asia The CEDD has implemented improvement and expansion works for the mountain bike trail networks in south Lantau in phases. Chief Engineer of the Sustainable Lantau Office (SLO), Ms LAU Yiu-yan, Joyce, said that the first phase of the works aims mainly to improve the existing sections from Pui O to Kau Ling Chung and Chi Ma Wan for safer and better riding experience through strengthened control of soil erosion. The second phase of the works focuses on the construction of a new mountain bike training ground of about 4.5 hectares near Lai Chi Yuen Tsuen, which will become one of the largest training grounds in the Asian region, and on the expansion of several trails at the Mui Wo and Chi Ma Wan sections to form a circular network. Providing trails of different riding difficulties We found at the site that the construction of the training ground was nearing completion. Engineer of the SLO, Mr PANG Siu-tuen, Walter, said that the training ground provides trails of different riding difficulties for beginner, intermediate and advanced cyclists. Beginners can start with undulating trails, and then progress to a narrow skinny that allows only one bike to go through at a time. Different facilities cater for different levels of riders. To add more fun to the trails, the training ground was specially built with trails of different technical features, including berms, jumps, rock garden, switchback turns and pump tracks. For that purpose, the CEDD had specially invited an expert rider to help with the design. The Singaporean trail specialist of the International Mountain Bicycling Association, Mr H.M. LIM, gave live demonstrations and explained that trails of different challenging levels and features are normally designed to suit the actual site conditions. During construction, the design team had tried a range of options while developing different trails. Sustainable project design The Engineer, Mr Walter PANG, said that as the mountain bike trails in south Lantau fall within the country park area, their designs are all in line with the sustainable construction principle. For instance, the alignment has been designed to follow the terrains to avoid tree felling as far as possible so as to retain the original look of the country park; natural materials that are locally available have been used in projects such as the rock garden in the training ground that were laid with rocks collected from construction sites; hand tools or small machines have been used to avoid causing environmental damage, etc. In addition, as the tiny Romer’s tree frogs, a species unique to Hong Kong, were found on the site during construction, the original gathering place for riders was redesigned and relocated somewhere far away from the tree frogs. Furthermore, our colleagues have considered ways to extend the life cycle of the trails and reduce their need for maintenance. For instance, crossfall has been used as far as possible to drain away the surface runoff, and crushed stones have been placed at suitable locations to improve drainage performance, which will in turn prevent soil erosion and safeguard the users of mountain bike trails. Promoting healthy living The training ground has been already opened to the public. With its opening, the training ground will not only host training for beginners, but also provide mountain bike trails that meet the international standard for holding competition events, which can help nurture more local bikers and promote the development of mountain biking in Hong Kong. Hope that the novice, expert and enthusiastic riders will all make good use of the new training ground and the existing mountain bike trails in south Lantau, and enjoy the fun of mountain biking while taking pleasure in the beautiful, natural scenery of the country park. (The video is broadcasted in Cantonese) (The video is provided by Development Bureau)

Seven Green turtles released

(The photo is provided by Information Services Department) The Agriculture, Fisheries & Conservation Department and Ocean Park Hong Kong released seven endangered green turtles in the southern waters of Hong Kong. The turtles were accommodated temporarily at Ocean Park and were assessed by veterinarians. which are in good condition and ready to return to sea. Each turtle was tagged with a microchip and Inconel tags for future identification before they were released. A satellite transmitter was also attached to the carapace of each turtle. The department can collect data to formulate conservation measures by tracking the movement and feeding grounds of green turtles. Green turtles are the only species of sea turtle known to nest locally. All wild turtles, including sea turtles, in Hong Kong, are protected by the Wild Animals Protection Ordinance (Cap 170). People who hunt, disturb, possess, sell or export sea turtles, including their nests and eggs, except in accordance with a special permit, will be liable to a maximum fine of $100,000 and imprisonment for one year. Additionally, all sea turtle species are listed in Appendix I to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna & Flora and regulated under the Protection of Endangered Species of Animals & Plants Ordinance (Cap 586).  The import, export, re-export or possession of specimens of endangered species not in accordance with the ordinance is an offence. The maximum penalty is a fine of $10 million and 10 years in jail. People are urged to report any sighting of sea turtles or suspicious activities involving the marine animal to the department by calling 1823.

Before getting a pet, answer these SIX questions first

Before getting a pet, answer the below questions, "Yes" or "NO"? 1) Are you allowed to keep a pet in the place you live in? If you are getting a dog, make sure it won’t bark frequently as this might disturb your neighbours. Remember to be considerate at all times by abiding by the law, cleaning up after your pets and control your pets properly in public places so that they won’t cause nuisances to others. (*The Subsidised Housing Committee of the Housing Authority endorsed at its meeting on 25 September 2003 to uphold the ban on dogs in public housing estates. Therefore, all public housing estates in Hong Kong do not allow the keeping of dogs. Many private housing estates also ban the keeping of dogs or other pets.) 2) Is your home spacious enough for keeping a pet? Make sure your home has enough space for the pet to move around freely and the environment is pet friendly. The space requirement for keeping different species of animals is different. Large dogs may require more space to run around while cats or other small mammals may not need as much. 3) Do all your family members agree to have a pet? If there are kids or elderly people in your home, you should consider the size and energy level of the pet. Chinchillas, hamsters and rabbits are very delicate, kids might not know how to handle these animals with care and might accidentally injure them. Large-sized dogs might accidentally knock down elderly people. 4) Are you prepared to take care of a pet for its entire life? Some pets such as rabbits need their cages cleaned more than once per day and long-haired pets require regular grooming such as brushing and trimming. Dogs require walking and company. Learn as much as you can about the pet’s needs before getting one. Some pets also require regular health checks and vaccinations, you should be prepared to bring them to a vet for regular checkups. When your pet is sick, you should also bring it to a vet for treatment and provide adequate care. 5) Do you have time to take care of a pet? Depending on the type of pet you get, the cost of keeping different pets can vary. It is advisable to consult a pet store or seek advice from existing pet owners about the estimated cost of keeping a certain type of pet. 6) Can you afford to keep a pet? Depending on the type of pet you get, the cost of keeping different pets can vary. It is advisable to consult a pet store or seek advice from existing pet owners about the estimated cost of keeping a certain type of pet. Please think carefully before getting a pet, make sure you are committed to your pet for the rest of its life. Never buy or adopt a pet on impulse, many pets are abandoned because the owners could not commit. Please visit AFCD website for more details.

Don't enjoy feeding monkeys

Some people enjoy feeding monkeys, some worry that the monkeys are starving in the wild and they want to help them by feeding. However, they are not aware of its negative consequences to both monkeys and people, such as: - Becoming dependent on humans for food and lost their foraging instincts;- Becoming overpopulated, causing the ecosystem unbalanced;- Losing natural fear to humans, even snatching plastic bags or food held by people; and- Causing nuisance to the residents in the nearby areas. Statutory ProtectionMonkeys are protected wild animals in Hong Kong. Under the Wild Animals Protection Ordinance (Cap. 170), except in accordance with a special permit, no person shall hunt, willfully disturb, sell or in his possession of any protected wild animals taken from Hong Kong. Upon conviction, the maximum penalty is a fine of HK$100,000 and imprisonment for one year. Kam Shan, Lion Rock and Shing Mun Country Parks, part of Tai Mo Shan Country Park, Tai Po Kau Nature Reserve, a section of Tai Po Road parallel to Caldecott Road and Piper's Hill section of Tai Po Road are specified places under the Wild Animals Protection Ordinance (Cap. 170) at which the feeding of any wild animals are prohibited. The implementation of feeding ban is intended to reduce the monkeys' reliance on human feeding, and to make the monkeys revert to foraging in the countryside on their own. Anyone contravening the feeding restriction is liable to a maximum fine of HK$10,000 upon conviction. The AFCD arranges regular patrol at the feeding ban area, and will take immediate prosecution actions against anyone who has fed monkeys or other wild animals. Monkey Contraceptive ProgrammeSince 2007, AFCD has regularly arranged monkey contraceptive operations for monkeys in Kam Shan, Lion Rock and Shing Mun Country Parks. AFCD also monitors the changes in monkey populations so as to control their number in the long run. According to the population monitoring, the birth rate of monkeys in Kam Shan, Lion Rock and Shing Mun Country Parks has noticeably decreased from about 78% in 2008 to about 35% in recent years. The total number of monkeys has dropped by more than 23% from 2008 to 2016, and has maintained at about 1,650 from 2014 to 2016. AFCD continues to monitor the changes of monkey populations and perform neutering treatments for more monkeys.

【Stronger Together HK - Chan Lok-sum, Country Parks Ranger】

Yes, we may now be down at the bottom of the valley. However, if we slowly make our ascent, one step at a time, we can reach the peak. And from up there, we will re-discover Hong Kong, in all its glory and splendour.According to Country Parks Ranger Chan Lok-sum, there has been a considerable jump in the number of hikers recently, all in search of more space and fresh air. Many however left behind them litter like used tissues and face masks. Ms Chan would love to see fewer litter bugs, if only hikers were more conscientious when disposing their own litter.Probably due to the SARS experience, people in Hong Kong are very disciplined in maintaining personal hygiene. Wearing masks is a norm, so is sharing hygiene essentials with friends in need. Such mutual help and care make Hong Kong a beautiful place to live in.  

Park Warden(2)

In this video, Park Wardens To Wai-yin and Lau Chuen-ting share with the viewers their daily job duties which include patrolling the trails, inspecting facilities in the country parks, as well as searching and removing hunting devices to protect the animals. They are also responsible for maintaining roads and facilities in the parks and enforcing relevant legislation and instituting prosecutions. Organisation chartOfficial recruitment page

Butterflies add colour to HK (Field Officer II)

Tam Kin-chung joined the Agriculture, Fisheries & Conservation Department in 2012 and is an ecological surveyor in its Butterfly Working Group. The Field Officer is an expert on the winged insects and is well-versed in their behaviour. “The male butterflies usually put in a lot of effort to attract females. They try to find a plant with some special chemicals to convert them into pheromones to attract female butterflies.  “And some other butterflies, the male butterfly, will go to a hilltop. Such behaviour, we call that hill-topping. They go there to wait for a female butterfly to fly across so that they can have the courtship behaviour with them.” Survival skills The intricately detailed Tawny Mime is adept at imitating the appearance of the poisonous Chestnut Tiger to ward off predators, Mr Tam said. “They have a black forewing and a brown hindwing with some pale blue colour, colour stripes on their wings. “It is quite a beautiful butterfly but if you want to find one, it is quite difficult because the adults of Tawny Mime only appear in March and April every year. If you miss it, you will need to wait for another year to see this rare butterfly.” Mr Tam traverses the city to collect information on butterflies and finds it meaningful to help broaden people’s knowledge about the beautiful insects and to share the importance of environmental conservation. “Butterfly survey and investigation is very important to the public because butterflies are a part of our ecosystem. “When there are more butterflies, it means that there are more flowers and the vegetation should be quite good in the surrounding environment. They can support the butterflies, so that they come by. “It is very important for us to protect our environment so that more butterflies and animals can live there.” (For more details, please visit News.gov.hk Website)

Stargazing facility in Sai Wan, Sai Kung

Sai Kung has always been a hot spot for the public to stargaze. The Government has constructed a stargazing facility on an abandoned campsite located between Sai Wan and Ham Tin Wan in Sai Kung for visitors to enjoy stargazing by lying down leisurely and comfortably. (Other Astronomical Observation Hot Spots/Weather Information) The stargazing facility is situated on a small knoll. Walking along the MacLehose Trail Section 2 from Sai Wan Beach uphill for about 10 minutes, you will see the “Sai Wan Stargazing Site” sign. Reconstructed from a campsite The newly constructed stargazing facility is a curved ring-form bench composed of glass reinforced resin panels, which are hard, durable and suitable for outdoor use. The bench, which is built with great respect for the surrounding tree line, beautifully blends the streamlined design into nature. Architect of the ArchSD, Mr LO Yee-cheung, Adrian, says the location was originally an abandoned campsite with a piece of spacious flat land. The reconstruction works did not involve tree felling, which minimised ecological and visual impacts. The bench with ergonomic design Adrian shares that the AFCD, Hong Kong Space Museum and ArchSD joined hands to explore the design of the stargazing facility and the construction commenced in October 2018. The most prominent feature of the project is the curved ring-form bench which allows 360-degree stargazing. People can view the starry sky no matter where they sit. The bench is ergonomically-designed so that people can enjoy stargazing by sitting in the most comfortable position at 135 degrees, which is more comfortable than lying on the ground. With its light timber colour as well as reflective coating on its top and bottom tips, the bench enables visitors to see it clearly even without artificial illumination so as to ensure safety. Adopting green and environmentally-friendly design Moreover, the central part of the stargazing facility is a hard-paved flat area for stargazers to set up their tripods and telescopes. Metal coordinate indicators are embedded in the ground to facilitate visitors to orient themselves and to appreciate the starry sky in different directions. Meanwhile, the project has adopted green and environmentally-friendly design to conserve the natural environment of the countryside. For example, pebbles are placed under the back of the bench to facilitate natural drainage without the need to lay any drains, and grasses fit for wild cows’ consumption are grown without the need to carry out grass cutting work manually or mechanically; as a result, symbiosis of human, nature and architecture can be achieved. (For more details, please click here to read the article in Development Bureau website)

Before Go Camping

Once you have decided to go camping, the first thing to do is to choose the site and to plan the duration of your stay, the equipment to take, and the amount of food that you will need, well in advance. The following guidelines may help.LocationCheck the location and site of the site and plan your route to it. The camp sites within the Country Parks are on a “first-come-first-served” basis, so during weekends and public holidays when many campers will be competing for limited facilities, you are advised to arrive at the camp sites early. Please remember that under the Country Park and Special Area Regulations, you are not allowed to camp other than in a designated camp site which can be identified by the sign boards erected by the Country and Marine Parks Authority.The rucksackYour rucksack should be spacious, of good shape and very strong. In packing a rucksack, you should remember the principle of last in last in first out, things like raincoat, windbreaker or poncho should be placed on the uppermost part. It is desirable to fill up all the empty spaces with plastic bags, newspaper or clothing.The centre of gravity should preferably be located near the top of the rucksack. All these will make it more comfortable for you to carry.The tentA good tent is one that is strong enough to protect you against the elements. It should have a waterproof ground sheet, mosquito netting and a flysheet.ClothingTake some spare clothing for wet or cold weather and some spare plastic bags to keep clothes dry.EquipmentBlanket/sleeping bags, cooking and eating utensils are basic items. Don’t forget to take a mini-sized radio with you, plus a whistle; a map (the countryside series are very useful); a torch and spare batteries (never use a gas lantern inside the tent); a sharp pocket knife; spare guy ropes and a first aid kit. Pitching the campLay out the tent with the rear fully to the direction of the wild. Use the strongest tent pegs for the main guys. Pegs should be pushed into the ground at 45o away from the tent and the guys made as long as possible. If the ground sheet is not sewn-in, it should be positioned entirely inside the tent so that water cannot run off the tent onto the ground sheet.CookingFire is a major hazard to both the tent and the countryside. When the red fire danger signal is in force use dry provisions and do not light any fire. Always cook outside the tent, in the fire places provided.HygieneBoil stream water drinking and make sure that the source from which the water is taken is clean. SecurityCamping in remote sites should be carried out in groups of not less than five persons. It is advisable to inform the nearest police station of your intention to camp and the location of camp site you plan to use.EmergenciesBe prepared for emergencies. You should know your area well and know the nearest police station. Always take a first aid kit with you and make sure that someone in your group knows how to use it and administer first aid.If any accident occurs, do not panic - stay together, keep calm, take stock of your situation and decide what to do. Cool heads and common sense will be your greatest assets.In the case of a serious injury, keep the patient comfortable, give first aid and only move him if it is essential. Send someone to the nearest point (the nearest telephone/ police station/country park management centre) for help. If your party is larger than four, send two people with a written message. It is important that the message is written because your messengers may arrive tired or exhausted and a verbal message will be garbled and unintelligible. The message must be written before the messengers leave and must contain full information such as the location, time, nature of the accident, the number of persons injured and weather conditions. Leave the SiteRemember to remove all pegs. Stones for securing the tent should also be removed.Refill any holes and extinguish all fires. Last but not least, remember to remove all rubbish. When you leave the campsite,apart from the marks of crushed grass where tents have been pitched, there should be no other signs that you have been there.Country CodeGet to know the Country Code, which tells you all you need to know about what you should and should not do in the countryside:Do not destroy by fire or vandalismDo not spoil with litter and dirtDo not pollute water catchment areas, streams or reservoirsDo not destroy vegetation and wildlife (For more details, please click here to read the Camping Guide provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)

Park Warden(1)

Apart from being a Park Warden, Choi King-fung is also an enthusiastic photographer particularly good at shooting natural scenery and the flora and fauna. Watch the video now to learn the tips for taking good photographs in a country park as well as more about the work of a Park Warden. Organisation chartOfficial recruitment page

Ten landscapes and Ten characters – the fantastic MacLehose Trail

Ten landscapes and Ten characters – the fantastic MacLehose Trail This year is the 40th anniversary of the MacLehose Trail. Rated by the National Geographic as one of the top 20 dream trails in the world, the MacLehose Trail definitely worth a visit, at least a section, by every Hong Konger.This 100-kilometre trail is divided into ten sections, traversing the New Territories from East to West through eight country parks namely Sai Kung East, Sai Kung West, Ma On Shan, Lion Rock, Kam Shan, Shing Mun, Tai Mo Shan and Tai Lam. If you have ever visited any of one section, you would probably find it amazing with There are coastline, mountains, valleys and reservoirs. The trail offers hikers beautiful countryside scenery in New Territories as well as overlooking view of the cityscape of the Kowloon Peninsula. This famous trail has been named as one of the world's 20 dream trails by the National Geographic.Each of the ten sections is quite unique indeed. If you have geared up but are yet to decide which section to start for your journey, watch the ten videos below produced by the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department now for more details of the landscapes and characters of the MacLehose Trail! "MacLehose Trail Section 1: Extraordinary Craftsmanship" Pak Tam Chung to Long KeStarting Point: Pak Tam ChungFinishing Point: Long KeLength: 10.6 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 2: Boundless Nature" Long Ke to Pak Tam AuStarting Point: Long KeFinishing Point: Pak Tam AuLength: 13.5 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 3: Unwind Yourself" Pak Tam Au to Kei Ling HaStarting Point: Pak Tam AuFinishing Point: Kei Ling HaLength: 10.2 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 4: Continous Challenges" Kei Ling Ha - Tate's CairnStarting Point: Kei Ling HaFinishing Point: Tate's CairnLength: 12.7 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 5: One Mountain One City" Tate's Cairn to Tai Po RoadStarting Point: Tate's CairnFinishing Point: Tai Po RoadLength: 10.6 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 6: Respect Nature" Tai Po Road to Shing MunStarting Point: Tai Po RoadFinishing Point: Shing Mun ReservoirLength: 4.6 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 7: Historical Traces" Shing Mun to Lead Mine PassStarting Point: Shing Mun ReservoirFinishing Point: Lead Mine PassLength: 6.2 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 8:Top of Hong Kong " Lead Mine Pass to Route TwiskStarting Point: Lead Mine PassFinishing Point: Route TwiskLength: 9.7 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 9: Enjoy the Serenity" Route Twisk to Tin Fu TsaiStarting Point: Route TwiskFinishing Point: Tin Fu TsaiLength: 6.3 kilometresClick here for detail map "MacLehose Trail Section 10: Picturesque Landscapes" Tin Fu Tsai to Tuen MunStarting Point: Tin Fu TsaiFinishing Point: Tuen MunLength: 15.6 kilometresClick here for detail map (Information provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)

Savoring Nature Up-close in Hong Kong

Everything about nature is grand and wondrous. The ecology of the city is vibrant and inspiring. Embark on a journey of ecological exploration and experience for yourself the many different aspects of nature and its irresistible pulse of life. Hong Kong Biodiversity Festival 2019 Hong Kong Biodiversity Festival 2019 provides 150 educational activities for you to savour nature up-close with Mr. B. The Biodiversity in Hong Kong PlantThe major vegetation of Hong Kong belongs to the evergreen broad-leaved forest of the subtropics. Many species typical of the Southeast Asian tropical flora are also seen here at the limit of their northern distribution range. About 3,300 species and varieties of vascular plants have been recorded in Hong Kong, around 2,100 of which are native.MammalAmong the 57 existing terrestrial mammalian species in Hong Kong, 27 species are bats and 30 species are non-flying mammals, such as Barking Deer, East-Asian Porcupine and Eurasian Otter. There are also two species of marine mammalian species, including Chinese white dolphin and finless porpoise.HerptileHong Kong has over 108 species of amphibians and reptiles, including snakes, frogs, chelonians, lizards and etc. Among all herptiles, there are endemic species "Bogadek's Burrowing Lizard" and species first recorded from Hong Kong, such as "Romer's Tree Frog".FishHong Kong has over 200 species of freshwater fish that inhabit most Hong Kong watercourses, from swift flowing hill streams to trickling lowland rivers and estuaries. There are almost 1,000 of marine fish species recorded.BirdAround 550 species of birds have been recorded in Hong Kong. Most of them are passage migrants in Spring and Autumn, and wintering visitors. Hong Kong has a variety of habitats which provide a rich supply of food and shelter for these birds.InsectHong Kong is rich in insect fauna. There are about 200 species of butterflies and over 100 species of dragonflies being recorded in the territory. Most of them are brilliantly coloured and they are the most attractive flying creatures other than birds.   (Information provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)

Explore Kat O and Ap Chau

Ap Chau Geosite Visitors can see extraordinary red breccia at Ap Chau which is rare in Hong Kong, and appreciate a diverse range of striking wave erosion landforms at close range, such as a sea cliff, wave-cut platform, wave-cut notch, sea arch and sea stack, plus the famous ‘Duck’s Eye’. Ap Chau once had a thriving fishing community but only a few villagers continue to live on the island today. Its rustic bucolic charm is still inviting. How to get there Take the ferry operating between Ma Liu Shui to Kat O and Ap Chau on Saturdays, Sundays and Public holidays or join a local tour.To take the ferry, visitors can travel by MTR East Rail and get off at the University Station, Exit B, then walk for about 15 minutes to Ma Liu Shui Landing No.3 for the ferry service to Kat O and Ap Chau. The normal boat traveling time is about 2 hours. Visitors are advised to take the *ferry schedule into consideration in planning the trip.Service days: Saturdays, Sundays and Public HolidaysFare: $90 return ticket / $50 for single trip from Kat O to Ma Liu Shui onlyBooking & enquiries: 2555 9269 (Best Sonic Industrial Limited)(subject to operator’s announcement) *Ferry Schedule Route of ferry Departure Arrival Depart from Ma Liu Shui to Kat O 9:00 am   1st stop at Kat O   10:30 am  Depart from Kat O 10:45 am   2nd stop at Ap Chau   11:00 am  Depart from Ap Chau 12:30 nn   3rd stop at Kat O   12:45 pm Depart from Kat O 15:30 pm   Back to Ma Liu Shui   17:00 pm   (Information provided by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department)


Elaine has returned to Hong Kong after graduating from her veterinary studies in Australia. Not interested in private practice, she has joined the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department and is determined to be a veterinary surgeon with a difference. She has been involved in enacting animal ordinances of great interest to Hong Kong, as well as quarantine work for the horses coming to Hong Kong for the Olympic equestrian events. Organisation chartOfficial recruitment page

Fisheries Technical Officer

Does a science student always end up with a job in the lab? Lawrence Leung, a Fisheries Technical Officer II, tells us that, with his science background, he was assigned on the first day of his job to take diving lessons and come into direct contact with the undersea world. From one who did not know much about fish, to one who has fallen in love with the ocean, he can now distinguish between different kinds of sea creatures. Through this job, he has come to embrace marine life and enter the diverse world of fisheries. As a result, he has also developed a greater fondness for the earth. Organisation chartOfficial recruitment page