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Market Stories: Stories of Youth Entrepreneurship - Online Platform For Recipes

Market Stories - Startup - Youth.gov.hk DayDayCook, a Hong Kong-based online platform for recipes, has accumulated more than 400,000 members on its website and mobile app since its launch and made ends meet for many years. The platform even received investments from several funds in 2016 to foray into the mainland market. Norma Chu, founder of the platform, had once immigrated to the US. She finds joy in cooking and has watched many foreign cooking shows on TV. She especially enjoys seeing an American female financier who frequently shares her cooking experience and tasteful life on TV programs. After returning to Hong Kong, she found that she could not find a suitable website for Chinese food and decided to create her own recipe website. With the support of her husband, she gave up the senior post as HSBC’s director of equity research department and high salary several years ago and devoted herself to the establishment of DayDayCook. In the beginning, she even shot her own videos to teach people how to cook. Now, DayDayCook’s business is no longer limited to a website for recipes. It is also trying to develop businesses in food sales and deliveries in the mainland.  

Market Stories: Stories of Youth Entrepreneurship - Mobile Apps For Part-time Jobs

These days, many Hongkongers love to take up part-time jobs, citing its high pay and flexible working hours. In the past, they needed to look for intermediaries to refer jobs to them. The process usually took a few of days and they must pay a referral fee. Some young people saw a business opportunity there and developed mobile phone apps to match employers up with employees in real time. A founder of such a company pointed out that the objective of the company is to leverage on technology to bring changes to the employment market and facilitate both the employers and the employees. At present, the company generates a six-digit sales revenue per month and is expected to break even next year. Some young people born in the 1980s seek to help their older family members find something to do to kill time after they retired. It was this kindness and filial piety that has pushed them to take the move to develop a mobile app for the near-retirees and retirees to look for jobs, find out information about entertainment, activities, talks. The app has attracted more than 30,000 users and has helped more than 100 people find a job so far. It can be seen that there are many ways to start your own company, just as the proverb says, "All roads lead to Rome". You should take action if you have the intention to start a business, which not only can benefit the community, but can also give you the chance to be a boss.  

Market Stories: On the road to becoming a barista

Coffee and cafe have become an indispensable part to the vast majority of Hongkongers as the coffee culture has gradually rooted and blossomed in Hong Kong. An increasing number of youngsters aspired to embark on this career path. A number of fresh graduates revealed they intended to attend coffee brewing courses. HKYWCA-Continuing Education Department teams up with the Employees Retraining Board to offer basic certificate programme for coffee brewing staff every year and the admission rate is more than 90%. Many local baristas have stood out at international barista and latte art contests in recent years. These contests imposed extremely high standards on the presentation of coffee, time control and brewing skills. Brewing coffee is all about techniques and patience, which forms a stark contrast to citizens who simply value efficiency will little emphasis on details. In this light, the profession of baristas has shed light on the exceptional standards set on the quality of life. Life is indeed full of ample opportunities and possibilities. A small cup of coffee can be a simple beverage, but also a manifestation of art and dreams. A coffee cup is big enough to accommodate craftsmanship and perseverance. Let's take a sip and explore your desire in becoming a barista.  

Market Stories: Introduction to electronic payment

Consumers are dazzled by the great number of e-payment services or related physical products that have emerged on the market in the past few years. People are familiar with the Octopus card, which is a daily survival tool in Hong Kong, but not many know about the e-payment tools newly-issued in recent years. Hong Kong people all know what an e-wallet is, because Octopus card is a kind of e-wallet. Yet, there are an array of e-wallet apps for use on mobile phone, targeting at different consumers, such as TnG Wallet, Alipay and PayPal. Customers can register for those apps and top up their accounts to make payments and carry out other transactions via these e-wallet apps. In recent years, many large banks have also rolled out mobile apps, including HSBC's PayMe and Apple Pay, to allow credit card users to carry out simple and small transactions. Customers who have registered for the apps and confirmed their credit card information can make payments via mobile phone and even transfer money to their friends using the apps, doing away with cumbersome procedures at zero transaction fee.  

Market Stories: Close interdependence of online shopping and logistics

Under the backdrop of global integration, more and more consumers have shifted from shopping at physical stores to shopping online in recent years, mainly for buying clothes, accessories, toys and books. With the ever-increasing maturity and expanding coverage area, online platforms are capable of providing more diversified products, ranging from small stationery items to heavy equipment. Meanwhile, as goods sold online have to be delivered to buyers, online shopping presents a huge opportunity for the logistics industry. As part of the cost is transferred to logistics, products sold online are usually cheaper than those sold in physical stores. The best thing about online shopping is that a consumer can shop anytime and anywhere; hence, this makes logistic companies indispensable. Whether or not a product is delivered timely and correctly has a direct effect on an online shopping platform or store.  

Market Stories: 12 FAQs you must know about law affairs in startup

The followings are the 12 FAQs that you must know: 1. What are the characteristics of sole proprietorships, partnerships and limited companies? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each type of business? Ans: A sole proprietorship is a business that is run by a single individual who makes all the decisions, although the proprietor may engage employees. The sole proprietor is personally entitled to all of the profits and is responsible for any debts that the company incurs... (read more) 2. Do I have to obtain a licence(s) from the Government for my business? Ans: An appropriate food licence must be obtained from the Licensing Office of the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department to run a general restaurant, light refreshment restaurant, seafood restaurant, bakery, cold store, factory canteen, food factory, fresh provisions shop, frozen confectionery factory, milk factory or "siu mei" and "lo mei" shop... (read more) 3. Are there any legal stipulations about human resources management that apply to running a business in Hong Kong? Ans: Implied rights concerning rest days, holidays, maternity leave, dismissal with notice or wages in lieu of notice, severance and long service payment. Implied rights are rights that are granted to employees even if they are not expressly stated in their contract of employment... (read more) 4. What are "personal guarantees" and "bank guarantees"? When will I be required to provide these documents to other parties in business transactions? Ans: In a business transaction, if a party (e.g. the buyer) is either unwilling or unable to pay in advance, or if that party is a limited company and its creditworthiness is unknown, then the other party (e.g. the seller) may require some form of guarantee of payment... (read more) 5. How can I set up a sole proprietorship, partnership or limited company? Do I have to obtain a business registration certificate from the Inland Revenue Department and register with the Companies Registry before commencement of business? Ans: The Business Registration Ordinance (Cap. 310 of the Laws of Hong Kong) requires every person who runs a business in Hong Kong, whether it is a sole proprietorship, partnership or limited company, to register the business at the Inland Revenue Department within one month from the date of commencement of business, and to display a valid Business Registration Certificate at the place of business... (read more) 6. What are the basic requirements for making a valid contract? Ans: A valid contract normally contains the following five basic elements: (i) Intention to create legal relations. It is generally presumed that in a commercial transaction, the contracting parties must have the intention to create a legally binding contract. In other words, if you have signed a contract for business-related activities, then you will be able to sue the other party if that party does not fulfil the contractual provisions, and vice versa.... (read more) 7. What are the other important matters that the parties should note when making a contract? Ans: Normally speaking, a third party cannot sue or be sued regarding a contract, and only the parties to a contract can rely on the contract terms to take legal action. However, there are some exceptions to this principle, such as... (read more) 8. If one party breaches a contract term, what can the other party do? What are the possible liabilities of the defaulting party? Ans: The first issue is whether the contract violation is a breach of condition or a breach of warranty. A condition is a central (major) term of the contract. If a party breaches a condition, the other party has the right to be discharged from the contract and to claim damages (compensation). A warranty is a minor term. Breach of a warranty by a party gives the other party the right to claim compensation, but not to be discharged from the contract... (read more) 9. To avoid certain liabilities, some business people insert exemption or exclusion clauses into their contracts. Are these contract terms valid under the law? Ans: Exemption clauses are used to avoid liability when things go wrong. Such clauses are not always effective, and are regulated by the Control of Exemption Clauses Ordinance (Cap. 71 of the Laws of Hong Kong). Exemption clauses that exclude liability for death and personal injury are usually not effective... (read more) 10. What if I need to use a middleman (such as an agent) to act on my behalf to negotiate for business or enter into contracts with others. What should I be aware of in such kinds of business dealings? Ans: When a person or company sells products through sales agents, that person or company (as the principal) is liable for any contracts that are entered into by its agents, and may be sued on these contracts. The agent, who is not a party to the contracts, is generally not bound by the contracts between the principal and the other party. However, the agent may be personally liable if he acted without the necessary authority (did not act according to the principal's instruction)... (read more) 11. What should I be aware of before making a contract with others through the Internet? Ans: According to section 17 of the Electronic Transactions Ordinance (Cap. 553 of the Laws of Hong Kong), contracts can be made by means of electronic records (such as e-mails) unless otherwise agreed by the contracting parties. In addition, electronic records that can be accessed for subsequent reference are allowed as evidence in court proceedings, except those that are set out in schedule 1 to the Electronic Transactions Ordinance (which include wills, power of attorney, contracts for sale of land or real estate and mortgages)... (read more) 12. What is a trademark? How to apply to register a trademark? Ans: A trademark is a sign that distinguishes the goods and services of one trader from those of others. Typically a trademark can be words (including personal names), indications, designs, letters, characters, numerals, figurative elements, colours, sounds, smells, the shape of the goods or their packaging or any combination of these. A sign must be capable of being represented graphically in order for it to be registered as a trademark... (read more) (Source:Community Legal Information Centre – Business and Commerce)